Since the moment of Lord Buddha's Enlightenment under the Bodhi-tree till the establishment of Magadh University, Bodhgaya on 1st March, 1962, Magadh region of Bihar has envisaged academic explorations in the forms of "Paraa" and "Aparaa" Vidya. Various Gurukuls, Buddha Vihars, Shramanas, Pathshalas, Nalanda and Udantpuri Universities, Maqtabs and English Medium Institutions echo the divinely lit - academic throbs of Magadh down the ages.
It was Sarvapalli RadhaKrishnan, the then president of India and great Philosopher, Scholar of Modern age who laid the foundation of this University in August, 1964 as a homage to Lord Buddha and Buddhism. the renowned historian Dr. K. K. Dutta was the founder Vice-Chancellor of this University who had dream of disseminating the message of Buddhism by launching new branches of South Asian Studies in the Department of History.
the Department of Philosophy, Pali, ancient Indian and Asian Studies as well as Buddhist Studies cater to the need of the vision and consequently this University captivates the attention of the students and scholars of Buddhist Countries. the enrolment of Buddhist monks and foreign scholars in the University provides it an international stature.
The Headquarters of Magadh University is housed in an area of 600 acres of land (at 131 meters, altitude ;between latitude 24o 41' N and longitude 85o 58' E) and its jurisdiction covers the district of Patna, Gaya, Nalanda, Nawada, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, and Arwal in Bihar (between latitude 24o 30'N and 25o 31' N longitude 83o 58'E and 86o 5'E). at present there are 44 Constituent Colleges, 4 Minority Colleges, more than 300 affiliated colleges, 2 Engineering Colleges, 3 Law Colleges, 2 Dental Colleges and more than 80 affiliate Teachers Training Colleges. There are three colleges of this University have been accredited with Grade 'A' by "NAAC".
Magadh University is the largest University in Bihar. It imparts teaching up to UG, PG levels as well as Doctoral Research in the faculties of Humanities, Social Sciences, Commerce, Science, Management & Education. Several Vocational and Professional courses like M.B.A. , M.C.A. , MRRDM, Environmental Science, Hotel Hospitality and Tourism Management, Bio-Technology, Physiotherapy, Journalism and Mass Communication, Academy of Foreign Languages like French, Chinese, Spanish, Japanese, Korean and German and Cultural Cooperation, Library Science, Yoga, Women Education, BCA, BBM, OMSP, TTM, ASPSM, Environmental and Water Management and Diploma Courses in 19 subjects etc.
As well as various courses under Open and Distance Learning Mode have added extra feathers in the glorious cap of the academic pursuits of this University. This University has also hosted First Bihar Inter University Cultural Festival - "Tarang" in 2008 which was inaugurated by Her Excellency and Ex-President of India, Smt. Pratibha Devi Singh Patil on 15th February, 2008. On 11th February, 2010 - the 3rd Bihar Science Conference was inaugurated by ex-president of India Late Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam at Gaya College, Gaya which is a premier constituent unit of Magadh University. Recently Magadh University celebrated its 21st Convocation on 10th of March, 2016 very successfully.